What is Esophageal Manometry Test? Preparation and Procedure of The Test

What is Esophageal Manometry Test? Preparation and Procedure of The Test

Esophageal Manometry Test that measures the functioning of the lower esophageal sphincter and the esophageal muscles is called Esophageal Manometry.

What Does the Esophageal Manometry Test Tell You?

From the Esophageal manometry test or Esophageal motility study, your doctor will learn whether your oesophagus is capable of moving food into your stomach normally or not. This test is usually given to those with problems such as:

  • Difficulty swallowing food and drink
  • Pain accompanied by swallowing
  • Heartburn
  • Chest pain

From a manometry test, your doctor will come to know how well the oesophagus can move food into the stomach and whether it’s sphincter is capable of preventing reflux.

This test is also helpful in diagnosing the following:

Diffuse Esophageal Spasm:

This condition is a rare problem of swallowing that is marked by several, forceful, weak muscle contractions of the oesophagus.

Achalasia:

This is a rare condition that concerns the lower esophageal muscle that doesn’t relax well. As a result, it doesn’t allow food to enter the stomach. The esophageal muscles are weak too, causing difficulty in swallowing food and experiencing it coming up back into your throat.

Scleroderma:

This rare but progressive disease shows up the lower esophageal muscles at a standstill, causing severe gastro-esophageal reflux. If the patient is considering undergoing GERD, the doctor will recommend taking the Esophageal manometry test to rule out the possibility of achalasia or spasm, for which GERD surgery will not help.

Benefits of Manometry Testing:

The information that the test results throw up and the pH studies help with diagnosing several conditions and guide treatment options.

Risks of the Procedure:

This procedure is usually safe and any complications are virtually rare. The risks of this procedure include the following:

  • Discomfort or a feeling of gagging when the tube descends into the throat
  • Nosebleed

About The Esophageal Manometry Test

Before the Test:

If the patient has a pre-existing heart or lung condition or any other disease or allergy, he must tell his physician now. He must also inform his doctor of all the medicines he is currently taking.

Medications:

The patient must comply with the doctor’s instructions as given below:

On the day before the test (24 hours before), the patient must stop taking channel blocking medication such as Verapamil, Nifedipine and Diltiazem, and nitrate and nitroglycerin products. Twelve hours before the test, the patient should stop taking sedatives like Diazepam or Alprazolam.

If the patient is on any other medication, he should consult his doctor before desisting from taking them.

On the Day Of The Test:

Before the Test:

The patient should go off all food and drink about four to six hours before the test is conducted.

During the Test:

The patient is not sedated but a topical anaesthetic is applied on his nose to ensure the safe passage of the tube through his nose to the oesophagus and from there into the stomach. This tube is better known as a high-resolution manometry catheter, about 4 mm in diameter. The patient’s breathing is not affected by this tube. He will remain seated while the tube is inserted into his nose.

The patient may experience a small degree of discomfort when the tube is placed in his nose, but usually patients adjust to this very quickly. There are rare cases of patients coughing or vomiting once the tube enters their nostril.

Once the tube is inserted into the nostril, the patient is asked to lie on his left side. With one end of the tube in the patient’s nostril, its other end is linked to a machine that records the pressure this exerts on the tube. There are various sensors at various parts of the tube that pick up the strength of the lower esophageal sphincter and its muscles. In order to judge the performance of the sphincter and if the muscles are working, you will be given a little water to drink. These sensors are also important to measure the coordination and strength of the esophageal contractions while you swallow. The test lasts just about 15 minutes. After the test is completed, the tube is removed. The test results will be read and interpreted by the gastroenterologist.

After the Test:

When the test results are ready, your doctor will inform you and will discuss them with you at your next appointment. Once you complete the test, you can go back to eating and drinking according to your daily regimen and resume your daily activities and medications.

Side-Effects:

  • The Esophageal manometry test gives several side-effects, such as feeling sore in your throat, but don’t worry as this is only temporary. Other side-effects include an irregular heartbeat, food going back into the oesophagus which can be aspirated; and a hole in the oesophagus.
  • Sucking lozenges or a salt water gargle could be very helpful. If you experience any unusual side-effects, speak to your doctor immediately.

Conclusion

Now that you know enough about this condition, go ahead and take the test and find out the condition of your oesophagus.