Inflammation of Stomach Lining(Gastritis) – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Inflammation of Stomach Lining(Gastritis) – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Gastritis this is a general name giving to conditions with one thing in common, the inflammation lining of the stomach. The inflammation of gastritis is as a consequence of infection with the same bacterium that results in the most stomach ulcer, regular usage of a particular pain reliever and drinking too much of alcohol contributes to gastritis.

Gastritis can appear gradually over time (Chronic Gastritis) or it can suddenly (Acute Gastritis), gastritis can lead to increase the risk of stomach cancer and ulcer, for some people gastritis isn’t severe, and they recover quickly with treatment.

Inflammation of Stomach Lining (Gastritis) Causes

The two significant causes of gastritis are a Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs) and a named bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Although many other diseases cause gastritis, an illness like sarcoidosis, isolated granulomatosis and another infectious agent like autoimmune problems.

Helicobacter pylori are the significant causes of about 8 in 10 cases of the ulcer. It affects 40 per cent of people in the UK at some stage of their life. Helicobacter pylori usually remain in the body of the host for the rest of their life if it invades the host and if not given precise attention.

Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs which are sometimes called anti-inflammatory medicine for muscular pain or joint inflammation. These drugs sometimes distress the mucous barriers of the stomach and allow the acid to cause anti-inflammatory medication causes about 14 per cent of stomach ulcer.

Signs and Symptoms of Inflammation of Stomach Lining (Gastritis)

Gastritis does not always give symptoms and signs in most people, although it is usually aid by ingestion (dyspepsia). The typical symptoms are

  • Pains found just below the breastbone (sternum) which is the upper tummy (abdomen) these pains usually come and go, it reduces if you take antacid tablets. This pain sometimes wakes you up from sleep, and some food makes depression worse.
  • Other symptoms include loss of appetite, retching, vomiting of blood, bloating, black or bloody bowel movements, excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath.

Gastritis Tests and Diagnosis

Gastritis can be tested and diagnosed base on patient symptom and history of previous diagnosis and treatment of gastritis. Some cases of gastritis may require X-rays, diagnose with a blood test and another test like stool test, endoscopy, electrocardiogram, the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine in some cases. X-rays refer the upper gastrointestinal series or barium swallow.

The definitive diagnosis of gastritis is made by the underlying cause of the gastritis mucosal inflammation or by tissue (gastric) biopsy. Breath can detect Helicobacter pylori, blood, stool, immunological and biopsy test. However, the bacterium can be cultured from the patient. This is not frequent. Another pathogen can be detected using culture, stool, and immunological analysis.

Doctors can help you determine the type of test performed on the patient, including an ancillary analysis which aid to detect other causes of nonspecific symptoms of commonly found with gastritis.

Gastritis Treatment

When medical professional confirmed the diagnosis of gastritis treatment should begin immediately. The choice of therapy depends mainly on the cause of gastritis. Most treatment target a particular type of gastritis while some aim to reduce stomach acid and symptoms, the patient stomach will heal over time if the main problem identified and treated. In addition to antibiotic several other types of medication are used to treat gastritis.

Acid Reducing Medication: These are medications that reduce the quantity of acid in the stomach the product are famotidine (Pepcid) ranitidine (Zantac) they lower the amount of acid released in the digestive tract, this medication allows the stomach lining to heal and relieve the gastritis pains.

Inhibitors of Proton Pump: This medication works by hindering cells that secrete stomach acid the collective proton pump inhibitors include Esomeprazole (Nexium), Lansoprazole (Prevacid) and Omeprazole (Prilosec). Although long-term use of this medication most especially high doses, which can lead to high risk of hip, spine and wrist fractures. it can also lead to high risk of nutrient deficiencies, renal failure, and dementia.

Antacids: Medical professionals do recommend antacid for a quick recovery from gastritis, this medication is capable of neutralizing the acid in the stomach, although antacid may cause constipation or diarrhea, so it is advisable to see the doctor if you experience any of those side effects.

Probiotics: This has shown to help heal gastric ulcers and replenish digestive flora, moreover there’s no evidence that they have any impact on the acid secretion. No guidelines are supporting the use of probiotics in ulcer management. Contact a medical professional if you want to begin any of these medications to create a treatment plan that is right for the type of gastritis you have.

Foods: Some food and other substance that should be avoided to prevent the symptom and signs of gastritis are fatty foods, fried foods, spicy foods, and alcohol. However, any content that is toxic and irritating to the stomach should be avoided, for example, acidic drinks (like pepper and tomato products, chilli powder, coffee and garlic powder ) and cigarette smoking.

Maryland health care professionals and other health professionals suggest that eating smaller, frequent meals and avoiding food. That is spicy, things recommend are stress reduction.

Dietary Changes: Such as chamomile tea and or ginger tea with honey reportedly soothe gastritis signs while celery, apple, onions, garlic, carrot juice, wheat bran, coconut water, peppermint, yoghurt, kale, soybeans, and cranberries may stop helicobacter pylori. Home medications seldom treat the primary causes of gastritis.

It may be more robust to avoid some communicable sources of gastritis. But proper hygiene and eating and drinking only effectively cleaned or treated foods and fluids are healthy ways of lessening your risk of getting gastritis from infectious pathogens.

Things to do After Been Treated Gastritis

  1. Do not take a substance that irritates the stomach or that once that causes symptoms
  2. Return for proper medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen
  3. Ideal strictly for all medications prescribed by the healthcare expert
  4. Report any new signs in the body system
  5. Ensure you tell the healthcare expert about the self-medication you take including non-prescription drugs, herbals. And the botanical preparations and supplement such as vitamins.
Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad