As per a rough estimate, more than 100 million people get admitted to the emergency room in a year. Out of this, less than10% of emergency visits are not actually bear any emergency conditions. Not all medical issues will have symptoms that are easy to diagnose, and the reason for emergency references may be invisible.
So, in order to make a proper diagnosis, you need to undergo various types of blood tests. However, there can be a situation where you may have faced some not so required tests. Considering the situation, here we will see what blood tests are done in the emergency rooms, which are common, standard, and mandatory.
Common Emergency Room Blood Tests
Three very common emergency room blood tests a serious patient has to face are
1. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
As the name suggests CBC test counts the number of Red Blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in your blood. Apart from this, the CBC test can also give you hemoglobin, hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume. The test is done as part of common emergency room blood tests to check your blood and detect the presence of bleeding issues, infection, immune system issues, and Anemia.
2. Blood Chemistry Panel
This test is part of the emergency room blood test for chest pain can reveal the level of calcium, blood sugar, and minerals in your body. The test will check with the heart, kidney, muscles, bones and other organs.
3. Blood Enzyme Test
Enzymes are something responsible for the chemical changes we see in our bodies. The test can help you with the stats related to the Troponin and Creatine Kinase.
Blood Tests For Chest Pain
Chest pain doesn’t always mean a heart attack. However, the doctors generally give priority to the emergency room blood tests for heart attack. The analysis can reveal if any clot in the lungs or lungs collapses. Chest pain can make you face tests like Electrocardiogram ECG, Chest X-ray, Computerized tomography (CT) scan and emergency room blood tests for chest pain.
In the emergency room blood tests for heart attack, it can confirm the level of some enzymes and proteins present in heart muscles. Heart attack allows these proteins and enzyme to release and spread in the blood due to the damaged heart cells. Based on the results of your ECG, blood test, CT scan and chest x-ray you doctor will get to know whether you have lungs related problem or the heart related one.
STD Blood Tests
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) is a type of infection causes due to the transmission of infectious bacteria from the body of one person to the other via sexual activity. The most common types of STDs are Chlamydia, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Genital Herpes, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. For better diagnosis in the event of a suspected STD, emergency room blood tests STD is a standard procedure in the emergency room.
Out of these diseases, Syphilis tests require the blood sample from the arm vein. The emergency room blood tests STD detect the presence of antibodies in the blood. These antibodies produced due to the presence of Bacterium Treponema Pallidum which spreads from one person to the other through sexual activities.
In addition to this, Herpes can also test by taking the blood sample of the patient’s arm. Herpes is a type of viral infection causes due to the transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) from one person to the other while having sex. Herpes can be of two types HSV-1 and HSV-2.
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C testing also involve checking the blood samples collected from the cephalic vein (arm vein). The emergency room blood tests STD detect the presence of antigens and antibodies in your blood. These antigens and antibodies are responsible for the introduction of infection in the body.
Other than testing the Oral fluid, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be tested through a blood test. This one too involves testing the blood samples collected from your arm’s vein.
So, it is pertinent to understand what blood tests are done in the emergency room in the event you get referred for an emergency medical checkup. Having too many blood tests have some risks. Therefore, we advise you to consult with your doctor what type of blood test you may have to undertake for avoiding unwanted confusions.
Doctor, author and fitness enthusiast, Ahmed Zayed, MD, is a surgery resident with a passion for helping people live a happy healthy life. He is the author of numerous health-related books and contributor to several medicine, health and wellbeing websites.