what is golden blood in human body

What Is Golden Blood and Golden Blood Test?

Human blood is grouped into A, B and O blood groups. They have positive and negative annotations to them. In medical tests, an antigen Rh is one of the antigen groups closely studied due to their medical significance. Some people have been found with blood lacking Rh group and have been said to have Golden Blood.

Red blood cells have the Rhesus antigen on their surfaces. They are tasked with the transport of oxygen in the body. In the medical importance of blood groups, a transfusion of red blood cells or that includes red blood cells must be between a donor and a recipient whose blood groups will not lead to complications.

In a transfusion that does not include red blood cells, the blood group of the donor and recipient may not have much medical significance. In an emergency or other situation where blood transfusion or blood product is required, the medical care provider carries out adequate tests to ensure compatibility.

What Is Golden Blood In Human Body?

Golden blood type is a name loosely given to a rare occurrence of blood not having a significantly large number of proteins. These natural body proteins called Antigens are of medical importance. They play a role in determining among other things acceptance of blood transfusions. This should be noted carefully since golden blood does not denote or allude to golden blood color. Rh null golden blood has been found in very few individuals in medical history.

What Blood Type Is Considered Golden Blood?

The blood type closest to golden blood is the O negative blood type. In the O negative blood group, both A and B antigens are absent. You also lack the major types of Rhesus (Rh) antigens tested in blood for transfusion purposes. O negative is called the universal blood donor group. People with the blood group can donate red blood cells to anybody.

There are many blood components that can be given to patients with donated blood. These include plasma and red blood cells. Platelets and cryoprecipitate are the other major plod components in transfusions. Some patients may need plasma derivatives made from pooled donations such as immunoglobulins, albumin and coagulation factors. People with any blood group including golden blood type can donate blood.

Having ‘The Golden Blood‘ can be a little discomfiting since it is rare. When in need of a red blood cells transfusion, there may not be many donors available. People with golden blood or O negative blood group live fulfilling lives with average human lifespan. Only 1 out of every 15 persons has blood group O negative.

What Is Golden Blood Test?

Doctors use blood tests to check for diseases and conditions. They also test for the blood groups of persons on a need basis. You may also get a blood test at laboratories authorized to perform the test. Testing for golden blood requires specific antigen tests.

A sample of your blood will be used in the tests. Your doctor will guide you on taking the test for Rhesus antigens on your blood group. It is important to know your blood group in case a transfusion is needed. Advanced blood tests offered in specialized laboratories help in detecting blood diseases and disorders, immune system disorders and other medically significant problems.

[Read Blood Donation Precautions]

How To Identify Golden Blood?

Identification of golden blood is done from the results of a test for Rhesus antigens in your blood. After a blood sample is taken from you via hypodermic needle insertion, it is analyzed in a laboratory. The sample may be taken by a qualified laboratory personnel or doctor. A little pain may be felt. If the results of the tests show that you do not have Rhesus antigens on your red blood cells, then you may have golden blood. A series of tests may be required to ascertain the presence of golden blood.

Blood donation is an important aspect of modern medicine. As research around alternatives to blood continues, man is still dependent on lifesaving blood donations. It is important to know your blood group whether you are a donor or recipient. Blood tests are also great for detecting drugs and sexually transmitted diseases.

In addition to testing for blood groups, it is advised you have blood screening tests. Using a small sample of your blood, it is possible to screen for a wide range of diseases, disorders and anomalies. Tracking changes in normal levels of important parameters in your blood may indicate disease, failing health or changes on lifestyle. Your doctor will discuss with you the results of any tests they do on you. This includes blood tests that may or may not be for the purposes of identifying golden blood.

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad