Left Side Abdominal Pain - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
Tests & Procedures

Left Side Abdominal Pain – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Left side abdominal pain is pain that is located in the lower left quadrant of the abdomen. This type of pain can be caused by a wide variety of conditions, ranging from benign and temporary to more serious and chronic. It is important to pay attention to the symptoms associated with left side abdominal pain, as well as any other accompanying symptoms, in order to determine the underlying cause and seek appropriate treatment.


Left side abdominal pain can range in severity from mild to severe, and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pain or discomfort during urination
  • Pain or discomfort during bowel movements

It is important to note that these symptoms can be caused by a wide variety of conditions, and are not necessarily specific to left side abdominal pain.


There are many potential causes of left side abdominal pain. Some common causes include:

  • Constipation: This is a condition in which the movement of the intestines is slowed, causing difficulty with bowel movements. Constipation can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and discomfort. Other symptoms may include infrequent bowel movements, hard stools, and straining during bowel movements.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): This is a common digestive disorder that can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel movements. Symptoms may include abdominal cramping, bloating, and diarrhea or constipation.
  • Diverticulitis: This is a condition in which small, bulging pouches (diverticula) in the wall of the large intestine become inflamed or infected. Diverticulitis can cause abdominal pain, fever, and changes in bowel movements.
  • Gastroenteritis: This is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines, usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.
  • Kidney stones: These are small, hard deposits that can form in the kidneys and cause pain when they pass through the urinary system. Kidney stones can cause pain in the left side of the abdomen, as well as pain during urination and blood in the urine.
  • Ovarian cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can form on the ovaries. Ovarian cysts can cause abdominal pain, especially during ovulation or sexual intercourse.


In order to diagnose the cause of left side abdominal pain, a healthcare provider will typically start by taking a detailed medical history and performing a physical examination. They may also order additional tests, such as:

  • Blood tests: These tests can help to determine if there is an infection or other underlying condition causing the abdominal pain.
  • Imaging tests: These tests, such as an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, can help to visualize the organs and tissues in the abdomen and identify any abnormalities.
  • Endoscopy: This test involves inserting a small camera into the digestive tract in order to visualize the inside of the digestive system.


Treatment for left side abdominal pain will depend on the underlying cause. Some common treatments include:

  • Antibiotics: If an infection is causing the abdominal pain, antibiotics may be prescribed to clear the infection.
  • Surgery: If a condition such as diverticulitis or ovarian cysts is causing the abdominal pain, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected tissue or organ.
  • Medications: Pain medications, such as over-the-counter pain relievers or prescription medications, may be used to manage the pain. Anti-nausea medications may also be prescribed if nausea is a symptom.
  • Lifestyle changes: Making changes to your diet and exercise routine may help to alleviate symptoms of conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or constipation.

It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific case of left side abdominal pain. In some cases, the cause of the pain may not be easily identified, and further testing may be necessary to determine the best course of treatment.