Burning Sensation In Leg Below Knee – Causes, Signs, Home Remedies, Treatment

Burning Sensation In Leg Below Knee – Causes, Signs, Home Remedies, Treatment

A friend recently complained about a burning sensation in left leg below the knee. Having a burning sensation in your legs is quite debilitating. You feel a partial or complete numbness in your lower leg below the knee. This numbness may be accompanied by a pins and needles sensation. There are different causes of burning sensation in the lower leg that you will learn about in this article.

What Does It Mean To Have Burning Sensation In Leg Below Knee?

When you have a burning sensation in the legs below the knee, it could mean a number of things. They are

  • Your nerves are the first point of investigation when you have pain in the leg from knees down.
  • Most cases of pain in the legs are due to a sensory nerve being damaged or injured.
  • A diseased nerve could also be what is causing you a burning sensation in your leg.
  • Pain in your leg could also mean that you have an underlying medical condition in that may or may not have been already diagnosed.

Burning Sensation in Leg Below Knee Causes

The causes of a burning sensation in the legs below your knees vary by individual. Medical tests and history are needed to ascertain the cause of burning sensation in your leg. The most medically important causes of burning sensation in legs below the knee are

  • Diabetes – Metabolic disorders associated with diabetes often cause diabetic neuropathy. These start out in the legs and feet. They can also affect your arms.
  • Vitamin Deficiencies – Not having enough vitamins in your body causes improper function in the brain and nervous system. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to varying degrees of nerve damage.
  • Sciatica – The sciatic nerve may be experiencing undue pressure. A sharp pain down your legs characterizes sciatica. You may also notice constant pain on one side of the buttock.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy – Peripheral nerves may get damaged due to infections, inflammation and metabolic disorders. When this happens, you will notice a burning sensation in your legs below the knee.
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease – This is when peripheral blood vessels block, narrow or spasm. It causes fatigue and pain in the legs. The pain is worse with exercise and better with rest.
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis – Also called DVT, this is characterized by a blood clot deep within your leg’s vein. This is usually not a cause for alarm but could lead to a pulmonary embolism if it breaks off and travels to the heart and lungs.

Burning Sensation in Leg below Knee Symptoms

A number of symptoms accompany a burning sensation in your leg below the knee. They start out as a tingling feeling and later turn into numbness. The pain of varying degrees is felt when you try to move your affected leg.

You should not worry too much when you note these symptoms. The pain in your leg is easily addressed through medical care. There are also a number of home remedies you can apply to hasten recovery and reduce pain.

Burning Sensation in Leg below Knee Treatment

Treatment for burning sensation in the leg below the knee is carried out under the guidance of a medical professional. You may have to have some tests done in the process. The course of treatment taken depends on the causes of the pain.

Treatment includes medication, surgery, dietary changes, lifestyle modifications and physical therapy. Anti-inflammatory medications and prescription painkillers help you address the pain and any inflammation.

Home Remedies For Burning Sensation in Leg Below Knee

Home remedies for burning sensation in the leg below knee fall under dietary and lifestyle changes. They include

  1. Herbal Tea – Herbal teas that improve circulation.
  2. Massage – You should gently massage and stretch the affected leg.
  3. Ice – Ice bag compression can be applied up to 4 times a day in periods of not more than 15 minutes.
  4. Avoid Toxins – Additionally, eliminate toxins from your diet.
  5. Avoid alcohol and tobacco smoking.
  6. If you are diabetic, better management of your diabetes will help relieve the burning sensation in your leg below the knee.

A burning sensation can be in one leg or both legs. You may have a burning sensation in left leg below the knee and then note that the sensation is affecting your other leg too. If this happens, get a medical professional to look into the pain. It is usual for some people to have a burning sensation in the legs when lying down due to restricted blood flow. Changing your position to allow blood into your leg often solves the problem.

Most of the conditions that cause a burning sensation in the leg below knee do not have a cure. Treatment makes a difference by reducing the pain. It additionally addresses other symptoms you may be having. A healthcare provider will work with you on your treatment. Follow the treatment plan they come up with for your burning sensation in the leg below the knee and attend the follow-up appointments you are given.

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad